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The Nutcracker

The Nutcracker Ballet in two acts

Der Nussknacker ist ein ursprünglich russisches Ballett in zwei Akten von Pjotr Iljitsch Tschaikowski. Das Weihnachtsmärchen, auf welches das Ballett zurückgeht, Nußknacker und Mausekönig, schrieb E. T. A. Hoffmann im Jahr - Buy George Balanchine's the Nutcracker at a low price; free shipping on qualified orders. See reviews & details on a wide selection of Blu-ray​. Tchaikovsky's 'Nutcracker' is a ballet which because of its fairytale setting and well-known music is a particular favourite, especially with children. Hans-Günter​. »The Nutcracker«is an obligatory work on the Staatsballett Berlin program: Vasily Medvedev and Yuri Burlaka, two Russian choreographers and connoisseurs. Is The Nutcracker merely a Christmas tale? No, not necessarily - A winter tale, perhaps. Most of all, the nutcracker is a birthday present for Marie! John Neumeier.

The Nutcracker

The Nutcracker - Complete Ballet -For Solo Piano-: Noten für Klavier (Dover Music for Piano) | Tchaikovsky, Pyotr Ilyich | ISBN: | Kostenloser​. Nutcracker: Tchaikovsky, Connelly, Orchester Der Wiener Staa: Movies & TV. »The Nutcracker«is an obligatory work on the Staatsballett Berlin program: Vasily Medvedev and Yuri Burlaka, two Russian choreographers and connoisseurs. The Nutcracker A few decades after her Hunderennen Wetten visit, Mary Poppins, the magical nanny, returns to help the Banks siblings and Michael's children through a difficult time in their lives. Alle Die Spiel Fragen 2 November Drama Family Fantasy. Upcoming Movies Guide: October and Beyond. Retrieved 20 January

Despite the failure of its initial performance, The Nutcracker has become the most frequently performed of all ballets and has served as an introduction to classical music for many young people.

Because the first act is set at a Christmas party, the ballet is often presented at Christmastime. The Nutcracker. Article Media. Info Print Cite.

Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Betsy Schwarm Betsy Schwarm is a music historian based in Colorado. She serves on the music faculty of Metropolitan State University of Denver and gives pre-performance talks for Opera Colorado and the Colorado Symphony See Article History.

Britannica Quiz. Musical Origins: Fact or Fiction? Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: theatre music: Romantic expansion. The staging of the ballet is initiated by local dance schools but reaches far beyond dancing and the Christmas celebration; work on the production begins in the late summer….

It takes off as they wave goodbye to all the subjects who wave back. In the original libretto, the ballet's apotheosis "represents a large beehive with flying bees, closely guarding their riches".

The Nutcracker is one of the composer's most popular compositions. The music belongs to the Romantic period and contains some of his most memorable melodies, several of which are frequently used in television and film.

They are often heard in TV commercials shown during the Christmas season. Tchaikovsky is said to have argued with a friend who wagered that the composer could not write a melody based on a one-octave scale in sequence.

Tchaikovsky asked if it mattered whether the notes were in ascending or descending order and was assured it did not.

This resulted in the Adagio from the Grand pas de deux , which, in the ballet, nearly always immediately follows the "Waltz of the Flowers".

A story is also told that Tchaikovsky's sister had died shortly before he began composition of the ballet and that his sister's death influenced him to compose a melancholy, descending scale melody for the adagio of the Grand Pas de Deux.

One novelty in Tchaikovsky's original score was the use of the celesta , a new instrument Tchaikovsky had discovered in Paris.

He wanted it genuinely for the character of the Sugar Plum Fairy to characterize her because of its "heavenly sweet sound".

It appears not only in her "Dance" but also in other passages in Act II. However, he first wrote for the celesta in his symphonic ballad The Voyevoda the previous year.

Tchaikovsky also uses toy instruments during the Christmas party scene. Tchaikovsky was proud of the celesta's effect and wanted its music performed quickly for the public, before he could be "scooped".

The original ballet is only about 85 minutes long if performed without applause or an intermission, and therefore much shorter than either Swan Lake or The Sleeping Beauty , but some modern staged performances have omitted or re-ordered some of the music or inserted selections from elsewhere, thus adding to the confusion over the suites.

It is used as a transition between the departure of the guests and the battle with the mice. Nearly all of the CD and LP recordings of the complete ballet present Tchaikovsky's score exactly as he originally conceived it.

In the film Fantasia , commentator Deems Taylor observes that he "really detested" the score. Tchaikovsky accepted the commission from Vsevolozhsky but did not particularly want to write the ballet [39] though he did write to a friend while composing it, "I am daily becoming more and more attuned to my task".

The music is written for an orchestra with the following instrumentation. Titles of all of the numbers listed here come from Marius Petipa's original scenario as well as the original libretto and programs of the first production of All libretti and programs of works performed on the stages of the Imperial Theatres were titled in French, which was the official language of the Imperial Court, as well as the language from which balletic terminology is derived.

List of acts, scenes tableaux and musical numbers, along with tempo indications. Numbers are given according to the original Russian and French titles of the first edition score , the piano reduction score by Sergei Taneyev , both published by P.

The suite was first performed, under the composer's direction, on 19 March at an assembly of the Saint Petersburg branch of the Musical Society.

The Nutcracker Suite should not be mistaken for the complete ballet. The outline below represents the selection and sequence of the Nutcracker Suite culled by the composer.

The Paraphrase on Tchaikovsky's Flower Waltz is a successful piano arrangement from one of the movements from The Nutcracker by the pianist and composer Percy Grainger.

The pianist and conductor Mikhail Pletnev adapted some of the music into a virtuosic concert suite for piano solo:. Many recordings have been made since of the Nutcracker Suite , which made its initial appearance on disc that year in what is now historically considered the first record album.

Because of the ballet's approximate hour and a half length when performed without intermission, applause, or interpolated numbers, it fits very comfortably onto two LPs.

Most CD recordings take up two discs, often with fillers. An exception is the minute Philips recording by Valery Gergiev that fits onto one CD because of Gergiev's somewhat brisker speeds.

With the advent of the stereo LP coinciding with the growing popularity of the complete ballet, many other complete recordings of it have been made.

There have been two major theatrical film versions of the ballet, made within seven years of each other, and both were given soundtrack albums.

Neither Ormandy, Reiner, nor Fiedler ever recorded a complete version of the ballet; however, Kunzel's album of excerpts runs 73 minutes, containing more than two-thirds of the music.

Conductor Neeme Järvi has recorded act 2 of the ballet complete, along with excerpts from Swan Lake. The music is played by the Royal Scottish National Orchestra.

Some people view the second-act "Coffee" Arabian and "Tea" Chinese dances as racist. In Dance Magazine printed the opinions of three directors.

Ronald Alexander of Steps on Broadway and The Harlem School of the Arts said the characters in the dances were "borderline caricatures, if not downright demeaning.

In the Arabian dance, for example, it was not necessary to portray a woman as a "seductress", showing too much skin.

Alexander tried a more positive portrayal of the Chinese, but this was replaced by the more traditional version, despite positive reception.

Stoner Winslett of the Richmond Ballet said The Nutcracker was not racist and that her productions had a "diverse cast". Some people who have performed in productions of the ballet do not see a problem because they are continuing what is viewed as "a tradition".

In The New Republic in , Alice Robb described white people wearing "harem pants and a straw hat, eyes painted to look slanted" and "wearing chopsticks in their black wigs" in the Chinese dance.

The Arabian dance, she said, has a woman who "slinks around the stage in a belly shirt, bells attached to her ankles".

Among the attempts to change the dances were Austin McCormick making the Arabian dance into a pole dance , and San Francisco Ballet and Pittsburgh Ballet Theater changing the Chinese dance to a dragon dance.

If there were stereotypes, Tchaikovsky also used them in representing his own country of Russia. UC-Irvine professor Jennifer Fisher said in that a two-finger salute used in the Chinese dance was not a part of the culture.

Though it might have had its source in a Mongolian chopstick dance, she called it "heedless insensitivity to stereotyping".

She also complained about the use in the Chinese dance of "bobbing, subservient ' kowtow ' steps, Fu Manchu mustaches, and One concern she had was that dancers believed they were learning about Asian culture, when they were really experiencing a cartoon version.

Fisher went on to say ballet companies were recognizing that change had to happen. Georgina Pazcoguin of the New York City Ballet and former dancer Phil Chan started the ""Final Bow for Yellowface" movement and created a web site which explained the history of the practices and suggested changes.

One of their points was that only the Chinese dance made dancers look like an ethnic group other than the one they belonged to.

The New York City Ballet went on to drop geisha wigs and makeup and change some dance moves. Other ballet companies followed.

Several films having little or nothing to do with the ballet or the original Hoffmann tale have used its music:.

There have been several recorded children's adaptations of the E. Hoffmann story the basis for the ballet using Tchaikovsky's music, some quite faithful, some not.

One that was not was a version titled The Nutcracker Suite for Children , narrated by Metropolitan Opera announcer Milton Cross , which used a two-piano arrangement of the music.

It was released as a RPM album set in the s. It was released on one side of a RPM disc. It was quite faithful to Hoffmann's story The Nutcracker and the Mouse King , on which the ballet is based, even to the point of including the section in which Clara cuts her arm on the glass toy cabinet, and also mentioning that she married the Prince at the end.

It also included a less gruesome version of "The Tale of the Hard Nut", the tale-within-a-tale in Hoffmann's story.

It was released as part of the Tale Spinners for Children series. That warm and welcoming veneer of domestic bliss in The Nutcracker gives the appearance that all is just plummy in the ballet world.

But ballet is beset by serious ailments that threaten its future in this country The tyranny of The Nutcracker is emblematic of how dull and risk-averse American ballet has become.

There were moments throughout the 20th century when ballet was brave. When it threw bold punches at its own conventions.

Afraid of scandal? Not these free-thinkers; Vaslav Nijinsky 's rough-hewn, aggressive Rite of Spring famously put Paris in an uproar in Where are this century's provocations?

Has ballet become so entwined with its "Nutcracker" image, so fearfully wedded to unthreatening offerings, that it has forgotten how eye-opening and ultimately nourishing creative destruction can be?

Act I of The Nutcracker ends with snow falling and snowflakes dancing. Yet The Nutcracker is now seasonal entertainment even in parts of America where snow seldom falls: Hawaii, the California coast, Florida.

Over the last 70 years this ballet—conceived in the Old World—has become an American institution.

The importance of this ballet to America has become a phenomenon that surely says as much about this country as it does about this work of art.

So this year I'm running a Nutcracker marathon: taking in as many different American productions as I can reasonably manage in November and December, from coast to coast more than 20, if all goes well.

Marie falls, ostensibly in a fevered dream, into a glass cabinet, cutting her arm badly. While she heals from her wound, the mouse king brainwashes her in her sleep.

Her family forbids her from speaking of her "dreams" anymore, but when she vows to love even an ugly nutcracker, he comes alive and she marries him.

List of compositions by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the ballet and the music by Tchaikovsky.

For other uses, see Nutcracker disambiguation. Tchaikovsky ballet. Main article: List of productions of The Nutcracker.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Variation of the Sugar Plum Fairy. Adage Variation du Prince Coqueluche M. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled Tchaikovsky's music in popular culture.

Discuss January This article contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate.

Please help to clean it up to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Where appropriate, incorporate items into the main body of the article. December January Learn how and when to remove this template message.

For a comprehensive list of stage, film and television adaptations, see List of productions of The Nutcracker. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Crain's New York Business. Retrieved 3 November The New York Times. Retrieved 4 November Archived from the original on 16 March Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 18 December Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 7 January The Times. Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 3 February London: Playbill Video.

Doll Dance. Moscow, Russia: Moscow Ballet. The Rat King Appears. Snow Pas de Deux. Dresden, Germany: SemperOperBallett.

Russia: Perm Opera Ballet Theatre. The Nutcracker — Arabian Divertissement. Pacific Northwest Ballet. The Nutcracker — Tea Chinese Dance.

Mariinsky Ballet. Boston Ballet. The Nutcracker — Mirlitons Divertissement. New York City: Lincoln Center.

The Nutcracker

The Nutcracker Video

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The Nutcracker - Information

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The Nutcracker Produktinformation

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